Role: Multi-role shipborne fighter Builder: Grumman Aerospace Variants: F-14A, F-14A+
(F-14B), F-14D Operators: US Navy, Imperial Iranian Air Force
The F-14 Tomcat is a supersonic, twin-engine, variable sweep wing, two-place fighter
designed to attack and destroy enemy aircraft at night and in all weather conditions.
The F-14 can track up to 24 targets simultaneously with its advanced weapons control
system and attack six with Phoenix AIM-54A missiles while continuing to scan the
airspace. It can also deliver free-fall or guided bombs.
The F-14 prototype made it first flight on December 21, 1970.The first of 478 F-14A
aircraft entered US Navy service in October 1972 and saw it's first operational flight
in September 1974. F-14A aircraft were upgraded to the A+. The upgrade consisted
of the replacement of the original Pratt & Whitney TF30-P-414A engines by the the
more powerful General Electric F110-GE-400 turbofans. The F-14A+ (later designated
F-14B) entered service in 1987. The F-14D Super Tomcat first took to the air on February
9, 1980. The upgrade included enhanced radar and cockpit, a dual IRST/TV undernose
pod, and increased AAM capability. The Tomcat has now been equipped for night-attack
bombing duty with the use of a LANTIRN (Low Altitude Navigation and Targeting InfraRed
for Night) pod. The upgrade allows the F-14 to remain in service until the arrival
of the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet.
A total of 79 F-14 A models were exported to Iran. The US Navy and the Imperial Irani
Air Force are the only two operators of the type in the world.
ength 19.10m (62 ft 8 in); height 4.88m (16 ft 0 in); wing span 19.55m (64ft 1½ in)
spread and 11.65m (38 ft 2½ in) swept
take-off ('clean') 26.553 kg (58,539 lb); Max Take-Off Weight 33.724 kg (74,379 lb)
max level speed at 10.975m (36,000 ft) Mach 2.37 or 2.517 km/h (1,564 mph); service
ceiling more than 17,070m (56,000 ft)
one 20mm M61A1 Vulcan six-barrel cannon with 675 rounds; 6577 kg (14,500 lb) of disposable
stores, including up to 6 AIM-54s, 6 AIM-7s, 4 AIM-9s, free-fall or guided bombs,
cluster bombs, ECM pods, fuel tanks, LANTIRN pod, and TARPS reconnaissance pod (on