Builder: SEPECAT (Dassault/British Aerospace cooperation) Variants: A, B (T.2/2A,
T.4/4A), E, S (GR.1/1A/1B, GR.3/3A), IS, IT, IM. Operators: United Kingdom (1973-2007),
France (1973-2001), Ecuador (1977-today), India (1979-today), Nigeria (1984-today?),
Jaguar A is the original prototype and the French single-seat attack version. Jaguar
E is the French tandem two-seat trainer variant with dual controls. Both were equipped
with Adour Mk 101 engines, although they were quickly replaced by the Adour Mk 102.
The French Jaguars saw combat in Africa and the Balkans, before the last squadron
(EC.01.007) retired its final examples from operational use on July 1, 2005.
Jaguar S designated GR.Mk1 (GR.1) by the Royal Air Force is the British equivalent
of the Jaguar A with a laser in the nose. The Jaguar B is the RAF's advanced trainer
designated T.Mk2 (T.2) and has a more advanced full suite nav/attack system. Although
originally delivered with the Adour Mk 102 engines, they were quickly retrofitted
with the more powerful Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca Adour Mk 104 turbofans. GR.1A is an
upgraded GR.1 aircraft with the nav/attack system from the T.2 and self defense systems,
which were also added to the T.2A upgrade. Reconnaissance aircraft are equipped with
a centre-line pod housing five cameras and an IR linescan.
The GR.3 and T.4 are the last RAF standards of RAF GR.1s and T.2s respectively. The
upgrade program included new cockpit displays, helmet-mounted sights, the ability
to carry the new Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM) and other system
improvements to further extend the life of the aircraft into the 21st century. Finally,
in the twilight of their career with the RAF, 60 GR.3/T.4 aircraft were fitted with
the Adour Mk 106 engine, a rebuild and enhanced version of the Mk 104 offering better
reliability, maintainability and slightly more thrust.
Despite the upgrades, it was decided the Jaguar would ultimately leave RAF service
in 2007. The last RAF Jaguar squadron, 6 Sqn, was planned to disband in October 2007,
retiring its aircraft. However the date was brought forward by some six months to
30 April 2007, a decision which had been announced only six days earlier by the UK
MOD. Only one GR.3A and one T.4 aircraft remain active for trials with QinetiQ at
Boscombe Down, Wiltshire, UK.
length 16.83m (55 ft 2½ in); height 4.89m (16 ft ½ in); wing span 8.69m (28 ft 6
take-off ('clean') 10.955 kg (24,150 lb); Max Take-Off Weight 15.700 kg (34,610 lb)
max level speed at 10.975m (36,000 ft) Mach 1.6 or 1.700 km/h (1,056 mph); service
ceiling more than 14,020m (46,000 ft)
two internal 30mm Aden Mk.4 cannons with 150 rounds per gun; 4763 kg (10,500 lb)
of disposable stores, including AIM-9 Sidewinders, air-to-surface missiles, anti-radar
missiles, free-fall or guided bombs, cluster bombs, dispenser weapons, rocket launchers,
ECM pods, drop tanks and TIALD or recce pod, carried on five or seven (two optional
Sidewinders on the wings) external hardpoints.