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Role: Multi-role fighter
Variants: MiG-29 (Fulcrum-A), MiG-29UB/UBT (Fulcrum-B), MiG-29C (Fulcrum-C), MiG-29K/KVP (Fulcrum-D), MiG-29KUB, MiG-29G, MiG-29GT, MiG-29M/ME/MT (MiG-33), MiG-29N, MiG-29S/SD/SE, MiG-29SMT, MiG-29MRCA/M/M2, MiG-29OVT, MiG-35
Operators: Russia, Algeria, Angola, Belarus, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Cuba, Czech Republic, Eritrea, Germany, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Moldova, Myanmar, North Korea, Peru, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Sudan, Syria, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USAF (stored), Uzbekistan, Yemen, Yugoslavia

The MiG-29 (NATO reporting name 'Fulcrum') is a single-seat air superiority fighter, developed by Mikoyan Design Bureau, Russia. Although it has little sophisticated avionics and no fly-by-wire flight control system, the MiG-29's agility and manoeuvrability make it equal to the contemporary Western fighter aircraft, like the American F-16 Falcon and F-15 Eagle. The two powerful RD-33 turbofan engines give the MiG-29 a high thrust-to-weight ratio, enabling vertical climb with acceleration. The MiG-29 was the first fighter to be equipped with dual-mode air intakes. When in the air the large intakes under the fuselage take in the air for the engines. On the ground, these intakes are closed and the much smaller intakes on top of the forward wing take in the air. This reduces the chance of objects to be sucked into the engines, enabling the MiG-29 to operate from unprepared airstrips.

The MiG-29 is equipped with the N-019 (NATO 'Slot Back') radar, enabling the MiG-29 to intercept air targets beyond visual range with R-27 missiles. The forward looking infra red search and track (IRST) sensor provides target acquisition for IR guided missiles, such as the R-60 and R-73 missiles. The helmet mounted target designation reticule, combined with its high turning agility and manoeuvrability, enables the MiG-29 to engage targets with IR guided weapons at close range outside the MiG-29's forward direction.

The MiG-29 was widely exported to nearly 30 countries and is still operated in large numbers. For most East-European countries the MiG-29 remains the most capable aircraft in service. Several MiG-29 upgrade packages are offered to current operators as well as upgraded version to possible new operators. One example of this is the latest MiG-29MRCA which was offered to Austria to compete with the Eurofighter Typhoon and Saab Gripen.


Technical Specifications



two 81.40 kN (18,300 lb st) Sarkisov RD-33 afterburning turbofans



length 17.32m (56 ft 10 in); height 4.73m (15 ft 6½ in); wing span 11.36m (37ft 3½ in)



'clean' 15.240 kg (33,600 lb); Max Take-Off Weight 18.500 kg (40,785 lb)



max level speed at high altitude Mach 2.3 or 2.445 km/h (1,520 mph); service ceiling 17,000m (55,775 ft)



one 30mm Gsh-30-1 cannon with 150 rounds; 3000 kg (6,614 lb) of disposable stores including Air-to-Air Missiles (R-60, R-73, R-27), Air-to-Surface Missiles, free-fall or guided bombs, cluster bombs, dispenser weapons, rocket launchers, drop tanks and ECM pods carried on 6 external hardpoints.