The AMX is a compact single-seat multi-role strike fighter aircraft, designed to
fly low-altitude missions at high-subsonic speeds in day or night and in poor visibility.
It is capable of operating from damaged or unprepared runways. It has a limited air-to-air
capability and integrated ECM for self defence.
AMX-T is the twin-seat variant of the AMX and is used as advanced trainer. The AMX-T
retains the operational capabilities of the single-seat version. The Venezuelan Air
Force (FAV) is planning to replace its ageing fleet of T-2A Buckeyes with the AMX-T.
The aircraft for the Brazilian Air Force (FAB) are designated A-1 (single-seat) and
TA-1 (two-seat). Also the Brazilian AMX aircraft are equipped with two DEFA 544 30mm
cannons, while the Italian variant is fitted with one M61A1 multi-barrel 20 mm canon.
The AMX Advanced Trainer Attack (AMX-ATA) is a new AMX two-seater, multi-mission
attack fighter for combat roles and advanced training. The AMX-ATA incorporates new
sensors, a forward looking infrared, helmet-mounted display, a new multi-mode radar
for anti-air and anti-ship capability, and new weapon systems including anti-ship
missiles and medium-range missiles.
The Brazilian A-1/TA-1 fleet is currently undergoing a mid-life upgrade. The aircraft
will be designated A-1M in FAB service, The A-1M upgrade is based on the Brazilian
AT-29 and the F-5M upgrade program, giving the aircraft many similarities in avionics
and capabilities. The new cockpit includes three coloured MFDs, HOTAS, new multimode
radar (the Italian Grifo F) and the capability to use smart weapons.
The Italian AMX and AMX-Ts are currently going through the ACOL upgrade program.
Under the current contract, Alenia Aerospace will upgrade 43 single-seat and 12 two-seat
AMX aircraft, with options for the upgrade of a further eleven aircraft. In December
2005, it was reported that four aircraft were being upgraded, and the first prototype
upgrade was completed. Delivery is scheduled to start in September 2006 continuing
until late 2009. The ACOL upgrade will extend the AMX operational life to 2015 and
give the AMX improved combat capabilities. It includes a new inertial navigation
system/GPS, GPS-guided weapons integration, new colour MFDs, updated communications
and IFF, and a new computer symbol generator with digital map functions.
one 49.1 kN (11,030 lb st) license built Rolls-Royce Spey Mk 807 non-afterburning
length 13.23m (43 ft 5 in); height 4.55m (14 ft 11¼ in); wing span (over AAMs) 9.97
m (32 ft 8½ in)
empty 6730 kg (14,837 lb); Max Take-Off Weight 13.000 kg (28,660 lb)
max level speed at MTOW Mach 0.86 or 913 km/h (571 mph); service ceiling 13,000m
one M61A1 multi-barrel 20mm cannon with 350 rounds or two DEFA 554 30mm cannons;
up tp 3800 kg (8,377 lb) of ordnance, including guided bombs/munitions, retarded/free
fall bombs, cluster bombs (Belouga), ASMs, Anti-Ship Missiles (Kormoran), rocket
launchers, recce pods, ECM pods, AAMs (AIM-9L), drop tanks, carried on four underwing
stations, one centreline and two wing-tip rails.
AMX INTERNATIONAL AMX GALLERY
Role: Ground attack, recce, advanced training Builder: AMX International (Alenia,
Aermacchi , Embraer) Variants: AMX, A-1, TA-1, AMX-T, AMX-ATA Operators: Italy, Brazil